National Examination Policy and the Implementation of Computer-Based National Examination in Indonesia
Tri Chusniyatul Maromy
Educational Administration Department, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
In the last three years, there have been several changes in education policies in Indonesia. One of those changes is concerning National Examination (NE). The changes in NE policy include that NE is no longer a determining factor of students’ graduation, the implementation of computer-based national examination (UNBK), the implementation of National Examination Integrity Index (IIUN), and the latest policy of National Standard School Examination (USBN) implementation. This paper will address several changes in NE policy that will affect the results, goals, and benefits of NE, as well as the development of UNBK (Computer-Based National Examination) from the beginning until today. Through study of literature, it is found that the change in NE policy, in which national examination is no longer one of the determining factors of graduation, has been used as the foundation to map the quality of programs and/or school, as one of the considerations for accepting students in the next level of education, and as the basis for guidance and funding for schools in their effort to improve the quality of education. Regarding the implementation of UNBK, there is a significant increase in the number of schools that implement computer-based examination in the period of 2015-2017.
Topic: Education Policy and Leadership